Debunking Myths About Neurofeedback Therapy

Image of a neurofeedback brain tuner working remotely to assist a client with PTSD

Written By: Dr. Starr, MD, FAACAP

Dr. Starr is a medical doctor, psychiatrist and computational neuroscientist who has been active in Brain-Computer Interface and Neurofeedback since 1990.

To learn more about neurofeedback, please read the article; What Is Neurofeedback. If you are interested in home neurofeedback please read the article; Neurofeedback At Home.

Addressing Misconceptions: Debunking Myths About Neurofeedback Therapy

Neurofeedback therapy, a non-invasive technique aimed at teaching the brain to function more efficiently, has steadily gained recognition among health enthusiasts, mental health advocates, and wellness seekers. However, despite its growing popularity and proven benefits, numerous myths and misconceptions continue to cloud public understanding of this innovative therapy. This article endeavors to dispel these myths, shedding light on neurofeedback using scientific evidence and expert opinions.

Myth 1: Neurofeedback is Just a New-Age Fad

Reality: Neurofeedback isn’t a product of the new-age movement but a scientifically grounded practice with roots in the early 20th century. Its foundation lies in biofeedback and operant conditioning principles, with studies in the 1960s and 70s, particularly by Barry Sterman and others, showcasing its effectiveness. Today, it’s backed by decades of research demonstrating its utility in improving various neurological conditions, from ADHD and anxiety to epilepsy.

Myth 2: Neurofeedback Only Works for Specific Mental Health Issues

Reality: While much of the early research on neurofeedback focused on conditions like ADHD and seizure disorders, contemporary studies have expanded its applicability. Neurofeedback has been shown to be beneficial for a wide range of issues, including depression, anxiety, PTSD, sleep disorders, and even cognitive performance enhancement in healthy individuals. This broad applicability underscores neurofeedback’s flexibility in addressing various aspects of mental health and cognitive function.

Myth 3: Neurofeedback Results are Merely Placebo Effects

Reality: Critics often claim that improvements seen from neurofeedback therapy might be the result of placebo effects—where simply believing in the therapy’s efficacy leads to positive outcomes. However, rigorous scientific studies challenge this notion. Controlled experiments, where neurofeedback sessions are compared against sham (fake) therapy, have consistently shown that neurofeedback leads to objective, measurable improvements in brain function and clinical symptoms, beyond what can be attributed to placebo effects alone.

Myth 4: Neurofeedback is Invasive and Risky

Reality: One of the most appealing aspects of neurofeedback is its non-invasiveness. Unlike some other therapies and treatments for neurological conditions, neurofeedback doesn’t involve medication, surgery, or any form of physical intervention that could potentially cause harm. Participants are simply attached to electrodes that monitor brain activity; they receive real-time feedback and learn to adjust their brain patterns accordingly. The side effects are minimal to nonexistent, making it a safe option for most individuals, including children.

Myth 5: Neurofeedback Therapy Takes Forever to Show Results

Reality: The duration and efficacy of neurofeedback therapy can vary greatly among individuals, depending on various factors such as the condition being treated, the specific protocol used, and individual differences in brain plasticity and learning rates. While some individuals may notice improvements within a few sessions, others may need a more extended period to see significant changes. However, the notion that neurofeedback universally requires an overly long time to produce results is inaccurate. Many patients experience noticeable benefits within 10 to 20 sessions.


Neurofeedback therapy stands as a promising and scientifically supported approach to improving mental health and cognitive performance. By navigating through these common myths and looking at the evidence, it becomes clear that neurofeedback offers a valuable, safe, and effective tool in the broader spectrum of therapeutic interventions.

For those intrigued by the possibility of enhancing their brain’s functionality, exploring neurofeedback with a trained and certified professional can provide a fascinating window into the untapped potential of our most vital organ—the brain. Always consult with healthcare professionals to understand how neurofeedback can fit into your or your loved ones’ wellness plans.

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