The Neurofeedback Session: What to Expect

Image of a woman sitting on a sofa talking into a hand held computer for a neurofeedback session.

Written By: Dr. Starr, MD, FAACAP

Dr. Starr is a medical doctor, psychiatrist and computational neuroscientist who has been active in Brain-Computer Interface and Neurofeedback since 1990.

To learn more about neurofeedback, please read the article; What Is Neurofeedback. If you are interested in home neurofeedback please read the article; Neurofeedback At Home.

The Neurofeedback Session: What to Expect

Neurofeedback is rapidly gaining recognition as an effective method for optimizing mental performance and alleviating symptoms linked to various conditions such as depression, TBI, ADHD and anxiety. For athletes, it represents a cutting-edge tool to enhance focus and peak performance. If you’re considering neurofeedback, this article will offer a comprehensive guide on what to expect from your sessions, how to prepare, and the benefits you might reap.

Introduction to Neurofeedback and its Benefits

Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that measures brain waves and provides real-time feedback to help individuals self-regulate their brain functions. The process involves placing sensors on the scalp to monitor brain activity, which is then displayed via computer software. The goal is to train the brain to function more efficiently, thereby improving mental health and cognitive performance.


Some examples of various neurofeedback customers;

  • For ADHD: Helps improve attention span and reduce hyperactivity.
  • For Anxiety Sufferers: Assists in regulating stress responses and promoting relaxation.
  • For Athletes: Enhances focus, decision-making, and overall mental resilience.

Expert Quote:

“Neurofeedback offers a non-invasive, drug-free approach to regulating brain function, showing promising results for individuals with ADHD and anxiety.”

Preparing for Your First Neurofeedback Session: What to Wear, What to Bring

Preparing for a neurofeedback session is straightforward but can significantly impact the effectiveness of the treatment.

What to Wear:

  • Comfortable Clothing: Wear loose-fitting, comfortable clothes to ensure you’re relaxed throughout the session.
  • Avoid Heavy Accessories: Remove any headgear or heavy jewelry that might interfere with sensor placement.

What To Have With You:

  • Medical History: Bring any relevant medical records or medication lists.
  • Relaxation Items: Bring anything that helps you relax, such as music or a book.

The Setup and Duration of a Typical Session


Neurofeedback sessions typically take place in a quiet, comfortable room equipped with specialized neurofeedback software and hardware.


  • Sensors: Small sensors are placed on the scalp to measure brain activity.
  • Computer: The collected data is analyzed and displayed on a computer screen.


A standard neurofeedback session lasts between 30 to 60 minutes. The total duration can vary based on individual needs and specific treatment plans.

The Process: Step-by-Step Guide

Initial Assessment:

  • Consultation: The first session usually involves a comprehensive consultation to discuss medical history and treatment goals.
  • Baseline Measurement: A baseline measurement of your brain activity is taken to tailor the training program.

Feedback Training:

  1. Sensor Placement: Sensors are placed on specific areas of your scalp.
  2. Data Monitoring: Brain activity is monitored, and visual/auditory feedback is provided in real-time.
  3. Interactive Tasks: You might engage in specific tasks or games designed to train your brain to achieve desired states (e.g., relaxation or focus).

What You Might Feel: Managing Expectations

Common Sensations:

  • Relaxation: Many individuals feel a sense of relaxation during and after sessions.
  • Increased Focus: Some report an immediate boost in their ability to concentrate.
  • Minor Discomfort: Initial sessions might induce minor discomfort as you adjust to the sensors and feedback mechanisms.

Managing These Sensations:

  • Stay Relaxed: Deep breathing exercises can help manage any initial discomfort.
  • Communicate: Always communicate any concerns or discomfort to your neurofeedback specialist.

After the Session: What to Do Next

Immediate Post-Session Tips:

  • Hydrate: Drink plenty of water to help clear any metabolic byproducts.
  • Rest: Allow yourself some downtime to process the session’s effects.

Long-term Considerations:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Incorporate recommended lifestyle changes to maximize the benefits.
  • Follow-up Appointments: Schedule regular sessions to maintain and improve results.

Testimonials and Success Stories

Case Study: David, 25, Athlete

David struggled with attention issues affecting his performance in high-level sports. After undergoing 10 neurofeedback sessions tailored to enhance focus and decision-making, he reported a significant improvement in game performance and academic focus within the first month post-sessions.

Success Story: Sarah, 32, Anxiety Sufferer

Sarah battled debilitating anxiety for years, impacting her daily life and work. Engaging in a 6-month neurofeedback program focused on regulating stress responses, she experienced decreased anxiety levels, improved sleep quality, and enhanced social interactions, leading to a more fulfilling and balanced life.

Case Study: Michael, 12, ADHD

Michael struggled with attention span and hyperactivity, affecting his academic progress. Participating in a 6-week neurofeedback program targeting cognitive control and attention, he showed improved concentration, reduced impulsivity, and better grades, sustaining the progress with a few booster sessions.

Expert Quote:

“The process of neurofeedback is empowering for my clients. It gives them a tangible understanding and control over their brain’s functioning.”


Neurofeedback offers an exciting avenue for enhancing mental health, cognitive performance, and overall well-being. Whether you’re dealing with ADHD, anxiety, or aiming to boost your performance as an athlete, consistency and commitment to the process are crucial for achieving the best results. The journey starts with understanding what to expect, preparing adequately, and embracing the transformative potential of neurofeedback.

If you’re ready to take the next step, consult a qualified neurofeedback specialist and embark on a path toward improved mental and cognitive health.

Myneurva Is A Global Leader In Neurofeedback and QEEG Analysis

Myneurva is a global leader in computational QEEG analysis. Dr. Starr holds the US patent for a System and method for analyzing electroencephalogram signals.

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